UNESCO is the United Nations' Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.

UNESCO's aim is to contribute to peace and security through international cooperation in these areas. The organisation was established in 1945 and Norway became a member in 1946.

Education for all
Education for all (EFA) is UNESCO's main initiative. At a top level meeting in 2000, 164 countries including Norway drew up six educational goals to be achieved by 2015. Public and private players along with the voluntary sector work together to achieve the objectives and UNESCO is responsible for coordinating the initiative. Read more about EFA here.
Freedom of expression and safety for journalists
UNESCO has a unique mandate to defend freedom of expression and freedom of the press. One of the most important tasks for the organisation is to improve safety for journalists. In the last 10 years over 500 journalists have been killed in the course of their work. Many more have been subjected to threats, violence and illegal arrests. One of UNESCO's initiatives was setting up a website condemning the killing of journalists.
Ocean and climate
The ocean influences the environment and sustainable development. It is important to understand and predict how the oceans, the biosphere and the landmass interact. UNESCO's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) has a key role in this. IOC coordinates international ocean research, and helps the state with solving problems relating to oceans and coastlines. Now the organisation has been tasked with setting up a tsunami warning system that will cover all the world's oceans.

UNESCO's website: www.unesco.org