UNESCO- convention

The convention for the protection of the world's cultural and natural heritage was adopted in 1972, after pressure had been mounting for some time on cultural heritage sties and natural areas due to wars, natural disasters, pollution, tourism or simply decay.

The convention encourages all countries to promote cultural and natural heritage of local or national significance. The convention's foremost aim is to identify cultural and natural heritage of universal value. The need for a joint effort, in human and economic terms, was highlighted by the international rescue operation of cultural heritage sites in Egypt and Nubia when the Aswan dam was to be built early in the 1960s. Norway was among the 60 countries that took part.

Natural and cultural heritage may be a natural area, a historical landscape, a built environment or a natural or cultural monument. It can be a building representing an important historical development or a natural phenomenon of exceptional aesthetic or scientific importance. The overview of the world's cultural and natural heritage is called the world heritage list.
The convention's secretariat (UNESCO World Heritage Centre) is based in Paris.